Published 2021 years 12 month 17 Date
Last updated 2021 years 12 month 17 Date
About the additional designation of the historic site Nakasendo "Nagakubo-shuku Former Honjin"
-Aiming to inherit the highway culture of the mountain pass where history is alive and the post town "Chawa"-(*)
After the deliberation and decision of the Cultural Properties Subcommittee of the Council for Cultural Affairs held on December 3, 12rd year of Reiwa, the former Nagakubo-shuku headquarters located in Nagakubo, our town, will be additionally designated as a historic site Nakasendo. became.
In the former Wada Village in our town, in 62, the 4,7km pass from Wada Pass Kotoge to Men and Women Kuraguchi and the popular name, Eidai Hitoma Enforcement Office on the hillside of Wada Pass, were designated as the national historic site Nakasendo. Furthermore, in 3, along with the 3.5km Nakasendo around Karasawa, Wada-shuku, and Aohara, the Wada-shuku Honjin main building, the historical road museum Kawachi, and Karasawa Ichiritsuka were additionally designated.
The former Honjin of Nakasendo Nagakubo-juku, which is additionally designated this time, is the entire site of the Honjin-Omoya and the wholesaler's site, where the remains of the time remain, in addition to the Honjin-zashiki building (Ishiai family residence), which is said to have been built in the latter half of the 17th century. Is the designated target area.
* This subtitle is also the subtitle of "Nakasendo Preservation Management Plan".
It is an index (slogan) in the preservation, maintenance, and utilization business plan of Nakasendo, a historic site in our town.
XNUMX Overview of the historic site Nakasendo
Nakasendo is one of the five highways of the Edo period. Pass through Minoji and Omi Road and join the Tokaido at Kusatsu-juku.
In Nagawa Town, Nakasendo runs through the town from northeast to southwest, and has two passes and two post stations.The Wada Pass between Wada-shuku and Shimosuwa-shuku is the highest on the Nakasendo (elevation 2m), and the Kasatori Pass (elevation 2m) is located between Ashida-shuku and Nagakubo-shuku.Wada-shuku and Nagakubo-shuku were placed between these two passes.In addition to Nakasendo, there were also side roads such as Daimonmichi (Koshu Road) and Ueda Road that played important roles in Nagawa Town.While some of the current Nakasendo route retains its former appearance, part of it is National Route 1,600, which is an important transportation route in Nagawa Town.In the former Wada village, due to the "Historical Road Preservation and Maintenance Project" carried out in 887-2, the roads around Wada Kotoge-Men and Women Kuraguchi, Karasawa district, and Wada-shuku were improved and information boards were installed. The building has been restored, and it is now possible to remember the past even in modern times, and many enthusiasts are visiting.
In October 62, Nakasendo, which was developed by Wada Village and Nagiso Town as a "historic road", was designated as a national historic site. The Eidai Hitoma Enforcement Office became the designated site.Furthermore, in May 10, the owner of Wada-shuku Honjin, where restoration and maintenance work was carried out along with the 4.7km Nakasendo road around Karasawa and Wada-shuku, which retains the old state well, and around Aohara on the village border. The shop and the historical road museum Kawachi and the pair of existing Karasawa Ichirizuka have been additionally designated as national historic sites.
XNUMX Preservation and utilization of the historic site Nakasendo
In October 17, Nagato Town and Wada Village merged to form Nagawa Town. As the years went by, the decay and deterioration of buildings, information boards, historic sites, etc. became more serious in various places, and the surrounding environment changed, so the issue was how to deal with it.On the other hand, in Nagakubo-shuku, which is an undesignated historic site but retains the appearance of the past, as in Wada-shuku, there was an urgent need to preserve and utilize the Nakasendo route and townscape.
And, in order to surely pass on the historical assets of Nakasendo and Wada-shuku Nagakubo-shuku to the next generation, we specialize in each field such as history, ancient documents, buildings, etc. by the 25 and 26 cultural property subsidy project. Organize a committee consisting of representatives of houses and local organizations to "(XNUMX) Inherit the route of Nakasendo (XNUMX) Conserve the townscape of the post station (XNUMX) Smooth maintenance of the historical site Nakasendo (XNUMX) With the area We have formulated the "Nakasendo Conservation and Management Plan" based on the four basic policies of "Collaboration."Currently, in promoting the conservation and utilization plan, we are proceeding with the procedure for the additional designation of historical sites such as Nakasendo and buildings around Nagakubo-shuku, which is the premise.
XNUMX Overview of the former Nagakubo-shuku headquarters
The Ishiai family has been working as a main camp and wholesaler since the founding of Nagakubo-shuku throughout the Edo period.
The eldest daughter of Sanada Yukimura (Yukimura), who made a name for himself in the Siege of Osaka, is married.
There is a tatami room called "Goten" used by guests such as daimyo and public houses, and a front gate that is presumed to have been built around the end of the Edo period.
The palace has the upper ken, Ninoma, Sannoma, Kosho room, Taiko no ken, and the entrance (tatami corridor). I'm telling you well.
Although the date of construction is not clear, it is estimated to be in the latter half of the 1749th century from the fact that the same layout as the current one is described in the drawing of Kan'en XNUMXnd year (XNUMX) and the style of the detailed design.It is said to be the oldest surviving Honjin remains on the Nakasendo road, and is valuable.
In addition, the Ishiai family has many ancient documents from the early Edo period and historical materials such as kosatsu, which were designated as cultural properties of the former Nagato Town on December 53, 12.