Tax on depreciable assets

Published 2016 years 06 month 01 Date

Last updated 2016 years 06 month 29 Date

1. The depreciable assets

The depreciable assets referred to in the fixed asset tax, those who engaged in businesses such as factories and shops and agriculture in the company and individuals, has been used for its business, such as machinery, equipment and fixtures other than land and house "business It refers to the use of tangible fixed assets ".

2. Specific depreciable assets

1 constructs
Mon, billboards, yard pavement, such as civil engineering equipment for fixing other land
2 machinery and equipment
Manufacturing machinery, processing machinery, civil engineering and construction machinery, food manufacturing and processing equipment, and various other manufacturing facilities building of machinery and equipment
3 ship Boat, motorboat, etc.
4 aircraft Airplane, helicopter, etc.
5 vehicle and transport equipment Power truck, freight car, truck, large-sized special motor vehicle (vehicle classification number "9" or "0"), etc.
6 tools, furniture and fixtures Cutting tools, test tools, measuring tools, computer, copy machine, desk, chair, etc.

It shall be excluded from taxation of interest

○ subject to taxation of the automobile tax or light vehicle tax motor vehicles, motorized bicycles, small-sized special motor vehicle, etc.
○ intangible depreciable assets (telephone rights, goodwill, software, etc.)
Which was deductible in ○ useful life thing 1 year less than or less than the acquisition cost 10 thousand yen
○ those of less than acquisition cost 20 thousand yen, which deductible in bulk inclusion "amortized" in 3 year

3. Declaration of depreciable assets

For the depreciable assets owner of depreciable assets is that you own every year 1 month 1 date, it must be declared to the mayor of the municipality of the location of depreciable assets before 1 month 31 date. (Local Tax No. 383 Article)

Works ~ of evaluation

Based on fixed assets evaluation criteria, on the basis of the acquisition price, and evaluated considering reduction of the value of meeting in the number of years elapsed after the acquisition (the depreciation).

● depreciable assets that have been acquired during the previous year
Price (valuation) = acquisition cost × (1- depreciation rate / 2)

● depreciable assets that have been acquired before the previous year
Price price × (1- depreciation rate) of (valuation) = the previous year ...... (a)
However, the amount was determined by (a), and the price the amount determined by the case (acquisition cost × 5 / 100) is smaller than the (acquisition cost × 5 / 100).

The method of depreciation of depreciable assets in the property tax is a declining-balance method as a general rule.

- Acquisition price ...
As a general rule, it is similar to the treatment of the national tax.
·service life…
We use the useful life listed in Ministry of Finance Ordinance.
And reduction value ratio ...
Depreciation rate in accordance with the useful life are established in fixed assets evaluation criteria.

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